support and resistance

Navigating the financial markets requires understanding the intricate dance of support and resistance. These critical concepts act as guiding lights for traders, unveiling potential price movements and aiding decision-making. In this article, we’ll explore the fundamentals of support and resistance trading, delving into their significance across various markets, including forex and crypto. Learn how to identify support and resistance levels, leverage essential indicators, and master the art of trading with support and resistance. Dive into this comprehensive guide where we unravel the secrets behind support levels, resistance zones, and strategies to maximize your trading prowess.

What is support in trading?

Support in trading refers to a crucial price level where an asset tends to find buying interest, preventing further downward movement. This level signifies a zone where demand surpasses supply, creating a floor that the price struggles to breach. Understanding support levels is fundamental in support and resistance trading, whether in forex, crypto, or other markets. Traders utilize various tools and indicators, like support and resistance indicators, to identify these levels. Recognizing support helps traders make informed decisions, guiding entry and exit points, and forming the basis for risk management strategies. It serves as a cornerstone for traders seeking to navigate markets and anticipate potential price rebounds or trend reversals.

Support Terminologies

  1.   Support Level: A specific price point where a stock or asset finds consistent buying interest, preventing further decline. It acts as a floor, indicating a historical area of price support.
  2.   Demand Zone: An area on a chart representing a range of prices where buying pressure exceeds selling pressure, causing a potential reversal or bounce in price.
  3.   Price Floor: The lowest level to which a stock’s price is anticipated to drop, supported by buying activity and demand, often seen as a psychological level.
  4.   Trendline Support: A line drawn on a chart connecting consecutive lows, showcasing a visual representation of potential support levels based on the trend’s trajectory.
  5.   Historical Support: Refers to past price levels where a stock has previously reversed or encountered buying interest, indicating potential support areas in the future.

Resistance in Trading

In trading, resistance marks a significant price level where an asset tends to face selling pressure, preventing its upward movement. This level signifies a barrier that the price struggles to surpass due to increased supply overpowering demand. Regardless of the asset class, comprehending resistance levels is vital in support and resistance trading strategies. Traders rely on indicators like support and resistance indicators to identify these levels. Recognizing resistance assists in establishing potential exit points, managing risk, and forming the basis for anticipating potential downtrends or reversals in market trends. It serves as a guiding factor for traders aiming to navigate markets with precision and make informed trading decisions based on historical price behaviors.

Resistance Terminologies

  1.   Resistance Level: A specific price point where an asset encounters consistent selling pressure, hindering further upward movement. It acts as a ceiling, representing a historical area where the price has struggled to break higher.
  2.   Supply Zone: An area on a chart indicating a range of prices where selling pressure exceeds buying pressure, potentially causing a reversal or pullback in price movement.
  3.   Price Ceiling: The highest level to which a stock’s price is expected to rise, hindered by increased selling activity and supply, often seen as a psychological barrier.
  4.   Trendline Resistance: A line drawn on a chart connecting consecutive highs, indicating potential resistance levels based on the trend’s direction.
  5.   Historical Resistance: Refers to past price levels where a stock has previously reversed or encountered selling pressure, indicating potential resistance areas in the future.

Example of support and resistance

Imagine Company XYZ’s stock has been trading in a range between $50 and $60 for several weeks. Traders have noticed this pattern and are employing a support and resistance formula to make trading decisions.


Traders employ a support and resistance formula combining key technical indicators like moving averages, Fibonacci retracements, and chart patterns. One of the formulae they apply to calculate support and resistance levels is:

Support Level = Previous Low – (Price High – Previous Low) Resistance Level = Previous High + (Previous High – Price Low)

As the stock price nears $50, which has acted as a support level in the past, traders observe increased buying interest. According to their analysis, this level represents a strong support zone due to historical price bounces at this level.

Conversely, as the stock approaches $60, which has acted as a resistance level previously, traders notice heightened selling pressure. This resistance level has historically prevented the stock from surpassing this price point.

Based on the support and resistance formula and historical data analysis, traders might decide to buy near the $50 support level, anticipating a bounce in the stock price. Similarly, they might consider selling or shorting the stock near the $60 resistance level, expecting a potential price reversal.

This scenario showcases how traders apply a support and resistance formula, combining technical analysis and historical price levels to make informed trading decisions based on the stock’s price behavior within these crucial support and resistance zones.

How to find support and resistance levels

Discovering support and resistance levels is integral in trading to identify potential price reversal or continuation points. Here’s a guide on how to find these crucial levels:

  1.   Historical Price Analysis: Start by examining historical price charts to spot areas where the price consistently reversed. These points represent potential support (for lows) or resistance (for highs).
  2.   Trendlines: Draw trendlines connecting successive highs or lows. These lines visually illustrate potential levels where the price might find support or resistance as it moves along the trend.
  3.   Moving Averages: Use moving averages to identify dynamic support and resistance levels. For instance, the 50-day or 200-day moving averages often act as support or resistance zones.
  4.   Psychological Levels: Certain prices ending in double zeros or fifties (e.g., $50, $100) often serve as psychological barriers where the price might stall.
  5.   Pivot Points: Pivot points calculated from previous day’s high, low, and close prices offer potential support and resistance levels for the current trading day.
  6.   Fibonacci Retracement: Apply Fibonacci retracement levels to identify potential support or resistance areas based on key ratios (like 38.2%, 50%, 61.8%) derived from the Fibonacci sequence.
  7.   Volume Profile: Analyze volume profile charts to identify price levels where significant volumes were traded, indicating potential support or resistance.
  8.   Indicator Confirmation: Use technical indicators like RSI, MACD, or Bollinger Bands to corroborate support or resistance levels identified through other methods.

Remember, no single method guarantees accuracy. Combining various techniques offers a more comprehensive view. Support and resistance levels are not fixed; they evolve as the market changes. Regularly reassess and update these levels to adapt to the market’s dynamic nature. Traders can use these identified levels to formulate strategies, make informed entries or exits, and manage risks effectively in their trading endeavors.

Best indicators for support and resistance

When navigating support and resistance levels, employing the right indicators enhances trading precision. Several tools stand out in assisting traders to identify these critical levels effectively.

  1.   Moving Averages: These dynamic lines smooth out price data, offering potential support or resistance levels. The 50-day or 200-day moving averages often act as significant areas where price reactions occur.
  2.   Fibonacci Retracement: Derived from the Fibonacci sequence, these retracement levels pinpoint potential support or resistance zones, aiding traders in identifying key reversal areas.
  3.   Pivot Points: Calculated from the prior day’s high, low, and close, pivot points provide levels to gauge potential support and resistance for the current trading session.
  4.   Bollinger Bands: These volatility-based bands help traders identify potential support and resistance levels based on price volatility, aiding in determining potential reversals or breakouts.
  5.   Volume Profile: This indicator highlights price levels with significant trading volumes, indicating potential support or resistance zones, providing insight into market sentiment.
  6.   RSI (Relative Strength Index): RSI identifies overbought or oversold conditions, complementing support or resistance analysis by indicating potential price reversals.

Is support and resistance profitable?

Support and resistance levels are vital tools in trading, assisting traders in identifying potential price reversals or continuations. While they don’t guarantee profits outright, incorporating these levels into a trading strategy can enhance profitability. Effectively utilizing support and resistance alongside other technical and fundamental analysis can assist in making informed decisions, defining entry and exit points, managing risk, and improving the probability of successful trades. Profiting from support and resistance requires skillful interpretation, strategy refinement, and risk management, but their inclusion in a trading approach can significantly contribute to overall trading success.



Updated on: January 8, 2024