Best Layer 1 blockchains list to watch out for in 2024

Are you ready to explore the dynamic world of blockchain technology? Get ready for an enlightening journey as we unveil the “Best Layer 1 blockchains list of 2024.” In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the most promising layer 1 protocols and tokens that are shaping the future of decentralized networks. From groundbreaking innovations to the latest advancements, we’ve got you covered. Let’s dive into the core principles behind layer 1 blockchains, highlighting their importance in today’s digital asset landscape. You’ll discover the leading players driving the decentralized revolution and gain valuable insights into their unique features and capabilities. So, get ready to embark on this enlightening exploration of the top layer 1 blockchains of 2024!

What is a Layer 1 blockchain?

A layer 1 blockchain serves as the foundational layer in the blockchain ecosystem, providing the essential infrastructure for decentralized networks. Unlike layer 2 solutions built on top of existing blockchains, layer 1 protocols operate independently and establish the fundamental rules and consensus mechanisms of the network. They handle crucial tasks such as transaction validation, block creation, and security, ensuring the integrity and immutability of the blockchain. Layer 1 blockchains often feature their own native tokens, which are used for various purposes within the network, including governance, incentivization, and value transfer. Examples of layer 1 blockchains include Ethereum, Solana, and other major blockchain platforms, each with its own unique set of features and functionalities driving innovation and adoption in the blockchain space.

Top Layer 1 blockchains list of 2024

Come along as we delve into the fascinating realm of blockchain technology and uncover the top Layer 1 blockchains together. Let’s dive in!


In 2024, Ethereum remains a pivotal player in the blockchain space. Founded by Vitalik Buterin in 2015, Ethereum revolutionized the industry by introducing smart contracts, enabling developers to build decentralized applications (DApps) and decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs). Its robust ecosystem hosts a plethora of projects spanning decentralized finance (DeFi), nonfungible tokens (NFTs), gaming, and more. Ethereum’s utility extends beyond a mere cryptocurrency; it serves as a platform for innovation, facilitating transparent and trustless transactions. Its native token, Ether (ETH), fuels the network, serving as both a medium of exchange and a means of value transfer. Ethereum’s scalability challenges led to the development of Ethereum 2.0, aimed at enhancing scalability and sustainability through a transition to a proof of stake consensus mechanism. As Ethereum continues to evolve, its impact on the blockchain landscape remains profound and far reaching.


Solana, a key player in the world of Layer 1 blockchains, was founded by Anatoly Yakovenko. Renowned for its focus on high performance and scalability, Solana boasts impressive transaction speeds and minimal fees. Its ecosystem is bustling with diverse projects and developers, encompassing areas such as decentralized exchanges like Serum, gaming platforms like Star Atlas, and data storage solutions like Arweave. Solana’s utility lies in its ability to handle thousands of transactions per second, providing users and developers with a seamless experience. With its innovative consensus mechanisms, Solana is driving innovation in the blockchain space across various sectors, including finance, gaming, and data management.


Emin Gün Sirer introduced Avalanche, renowned for its exceptional throughput and low latency, ensuring rapid transaction processing. Within its ecosystem, Avalanche hosts a diverse array of decentralized finance (DeFi) platforms, non fungible token (NFT) marketplaces, and innovative projects. The appeal of Avalanche lies in its ability to execute efficient and cost effective transactions, attracting developers and users alike. Driving governance mechanisms and transaction fees within the network is its native token, AVAX. Avalanche cements its place as a trailblazer in the blockchain landscape, spearheading innovation an across decentralized applications (DApps) and beyond. As Avalanche evolves, its influence expands, promising significant advancements in blockchain technology.

BNB Chain

BNB Chain, Changpeng Zhao’s brainchild, is a Layer 1 blockchain lauded for its efficiency and scalability. This blockchain nurtures a diverse ecosystem housing decentralized finance platforms, non fungible token (NFT) marketplaces, and various projects. Beyond its role as a cryptocurrency, BNB Chain facilitates transactions and supports smart contracts. At its core, the native token, BNB, serves as the primary medium for value transfer and governance within the network. With its sturdy infrastructure and increasing adoption, BNB Chain cements its stature as a pivotal player in the blockchain realm. It propels innovation and unlocks fresh opportunities for developers and users alike, underscoring its significance in shaping the future of decentralized technologies.


In the blockchain landscape of 2024, Aptos emerges as a key player, particularly within the Layer 1 sector. Crafted by an innovative team, Aptos distinguishes itself with its advanced features and sturdy architecture. Its ecosystem hosts a diverse array of decentralized applications, spanning from NFT marketplaces to decentralized finance and various other projects. Aptos transcends typical transactions, acting as a platform for executing smart contracts, facilitating decentralized governance, and promoting interoperability among different blockchain networks. Fueling transactions and rewarding network participants is its native token, APT. With its scalability and adaptability, Aptos takes a leading role in driving blockchain innovation, encouraging adoption, and fostering a dynamic community of developers and users exploring the expansive possibilities of decentralized technologies.


Cosmos, founded by Jae Kwon, emerges as a pivotal player in the blockchain landscape, particularly as a leading Layer 1 blockchain. It features an innovative architecture engineered for scalability and interoperability. Within its vibrant ecosystem, spanning decentralized finance , gaming, and various other sectors, Cosmos nurtures a diverse range of decentralized applications. Projects under the Cosmos umbrella thrive on its interoperable framework, facilitating seamless communication between different blockchains within the network and beyond. This interoperability fosters efficiency and unlocks new avenues for cross chain transactions and collaboration. At the core of Cosmos lies its native token, ATOM, which powers transactions and governs the network. With its emphasis on interoperability, Cosmos spearheads blockchain innovation, driving collaboration and paving the way for a decentralized, interconnected future.


Amidst the forefront of leading blockchain technologies, Ripple emerges as a standout contender. Founded by Chris Larsen and Jed McCaleb, Ripple offers a distinctive approach to decentralized transactions through its RippleNet protocol. Its ecosystem comprises an array of financial institutions and payment providers, harnessing Ripple’s technology for swift cross border transactions. Projects within RippleNet benefit from its efficient settlement system and liquidity solutions, challenging the norms of traditional banking. Ripple’s native cryptocurrency, XRP, serves as a bridge asset for transactions and bolsters liquidity within the network. With its real time settlement objectives, Ripple revolutionizes global payments, providing an alternative to conventional banking systems.

What is the main function of layer 1 blockchain?

The primary function of a Layer 1 blockchain is to serve as the foundational protocol layer within a blockchain network. It provides the fundamental infrastructure for executing transactions and smart contracts in a decentralized manner. Layer 1 blockchains typically include their own consensus mechanisms, native tokens, and governance structures. These blockchains play a critical role in enabling the operation of decentralized applications (DApps) and facilitating secure and trustless transactions. Additionally, Layer 1 blockchains lay the groundwork for innovation and scalability in various industries, such as finance and gaming.

What is the fastest layer 1 blockchain?

Solana is widely recognized as the fastest Layer 1 blockchain. With its innovative approach to scalability and throughput, Solana has achieved impressive transaction speeds, processing thousands of transactions per second (TPS). Its high-performance architecture, powered by a unique consensus mechanism called Proof of History (PoH) and a network of verifiers known as Validators, enables near-instant transaction finality and low transaction fees. Solana’s speed and efficiency make it well-suited for decentralized applications (dApps), decentralized finance (DeFi) protocols, and other high-volume use cases, positioning it as a leading contender in the competitive blockchain landscape.